||Site management profile
"LIFE- project AMBITION"
- Restoration of
core biotopes for all five species as well as the development of new
suitable habitats adjoining these areas
- Development of
stepping-stones and corridor habitats such that clusters of core habitats
are linked, allowing the formation of a meta-population structure.
All species require water bodies for reproduction with adjoining suitable
land habitat for all terrestrial life stages.
both the restoration and development of some hundreds of ponds and development
of adjoining land habitat.
of Natura 2000 in overall site management:
To guarantee sustainable
habitat improvement we focus mainly on Natura 2000 areas which are recently
designated under the Habitat Directive (article 4 of Directive 92/43/EEC)
as Special Areas of Conservation (SACs) for Triturus cristatus
and Bombina variegata.
The main objective
is to develop viable meta-populations of five amphibian species named
on Annex II (and Annex IV) of the Habitats Directive which will be achieved
through restoration and improvement of habitats.
Currently conservation plans are carried out for all species (except
T.cristatus). However, since a relatively large part of the
northwest European Triturus cristatus population inhabits the
Netherlands we bear a significant responsibility in protecting this
All of the species concerned are especially threatened because their
former distribution in the Netherlands was also outside what is now
the National Ecological Network, and dependent on small-scale agricultural
landscapes. Agricultural enlargement between 1950 and 1980 has reduced
the available number of ponds and small water bodies and landhabitats
severely. Therefore, most species are now restricted to a few isolated
core areas, often in nature reserves.
Beginning with securing of present core habitats followed by an enlargement
of these habitats through development or restoration of habitat adjoining
the core habitats. The isolated habitats are then joined together through
corridors or migration zones. A sustainable network of interactive sub-populations
will develop. This so-called meta-population structure ensures that
the population will not vanish, even though the sub-populations may
experience a local extinction. The adjoining sub-populations will be
able to re-colonise the 'empty' habitat through natural dispersion process.
For the severely
threatened Bombina variegata this project should firstly conserve
the remaining populations and might lead to further increase. For the
other species creation of strongholds of sufficient size as well as
the development of meta-population structure are the main objectives.
These will be achieved through restoration and connection of existing
isolated populations in the Netherlands. The cooperation between partners
will not only result in a stimulating effect within the project, but
will encourage further joint actions nationwide and in the neighbouring
countries. Education of the public and local people will lead to further
participation in the protection of the endangered amphibians, especially
in the cultured landscapes surrounding the Natura 2000 areas.
targeted as part of management action:
This project is
based on a cooperation between different management authorities. Partners
will work closely together adopting a three-step strategy as followed
in Dutch species protection plans.
The partners in
this project are:
- Landschap Overijssel
- IKL ( Instandhouding
Kleine Landschapselementen in Limburg)
- Stiching Landschapsbeheer
- Provinces of
Drenthe, Overijssel, Gelderland and Limburg
- Ministry of Agriculture,
Nature and Foodquality
- DG Environment
of the EU.
of work carried out / methods and methodology:
For the realisation of the habitats for the different
species pools have been created or restored, but also land habitat with
e.g. shrub planting, creation of zoom-vegetation and rough stone-walls.
Dependent on the
specific species the shape of pools differs in depth and surface. In
the south of Limburg the pools are made with a concrete bottom.
action and activities:
Within the project the beneficiary has to establish
agreements with the other partners about the realisation of the project.
Partners work together in the project team and share knowledge and working
||Indication of budget
allocation for these tasks:
The total budget
is € 1.3 million.