is regarded as the foremost bird lake in Northern Europe. Its surroundings
are also endowed with a beautiful flora rich in orchids. There are four
visitors' areas round the lake with paths and bird watching towers.
The lake was formed when it became cut off from the salty Yoldia Sea
about 10,000 years ago. During the nineteenth century the water levels
of many lakes were lowered to gain more agricultural land and the level
of Lake Tåkern was dropped by 1.7 m in 1842-4. Since the average
depth became 0.8 m the reed beds began to spread out, the water meadows
became well established and the lake began to attract birds. Consequently
its epoch as a bird lake is no more than 150 years old. Now the whole
reserve comprises 5400 hectares, mostly in private ownership with some
parts owned by the State. Lake Tåkern is one of the most important
nesting and feeding places for many species of birds in Northern Europe.
During recent years a total of 270 species of birds have been seen at
the lake and over a hundred nest here: e.g., Black Tern, Bittern, Marsh
Harrier and Great Reed Warbler. At an equivalent of about 2,400 football
pitches, the total area of the reed beds by the lake is the largest
in Europe. The water meadows at Lake Tåkern have been created
by years of grazing and haymaking and extend to a total of 450 hectares.
As these meadows are rich in lime they have a very diversified flora.
Birdseye Primroses and orchids such as the Fly, Early Marsh and Musk
Orchids flourish here. In order to preserve their biodiversity and to
prevent overgrowth, it important to keep the meadows constantly grazed
and mowed. Great efforts are necessary to maintain the man-made environment
at Tåkern. The management is financed by Tåkernfonden WWF.