Ambassador profile


  Name: Bernard Gorsak
  Function: Environmentalist, Head of Nature Protection Department
  Country: Slovenia
  E-mail: bernard.gorsak(at)
  Tel: +38 63800 7114

Organisation profile


  Organisation: Kozjanski Park
  E-mail: Kozjanski-park(at)
  Tel: +38 63800 7104
  Established: 1970-1990
  Category: Governmental institution
  Number of staff: 18
Site profile
  Site name: Kozjanski Park  
  Location: All sites are situated in the Easten part of Slovenia  
  Land area:
  • 6,792 ha
  • 2,902 ha
  • 11,890 ha
  • 3,772 ha
  • 40 ha
  Nearest urban settlement: Brezice, Krsko, Podcetrtek  
  Natura 2000 ID:
  • SI3000274
  • SI3000268
  • SI5000022
  • SI3000273
  • SI3000138
  Annual visitor count: All Natura 2000 sites within the Park receive between 5-10,000 visitors  
  Majority of visitors from:

Domestic visitors:

Kozjanski Park is part of the National Science Days Programme, which aims to provide the opportunity of on-site education for pupils and students from local and regional etablishments.

Foreign visitors come from Austria, Croatia, Italy ...

  Site description:

  • pSCI Bohor – mountains (900-1.000 m) with meadows and forests;
  • pSCI Dobrava-Jovsi – lowland, moist forests and meadows;
  • SPA Kzjansko-Jovsi – lowland/hills, mosaic cultural landscape, meadow orchards;
  • pSCI Orlica – mountains (800 m), beach forest;
  • pSCI Putisekova polsna – hills, cave in the forest.


All species
  Species code Latin name Common / local name
  pSCI Bohor:
Cucujus cinnaberinus  
  1087 Rosalia alpina Alpski kozlicek
  1089 Morimus funereus Bukov kozlicek
  1093 Austropotamobius torrentium Navadni koscak
  pSCI Dobrava-Jovsi:
Triturus carnifex Veliki pupek
  1188 Bombina bombina Nizinski urh
  1193 Bombina variegata Hribski urh
  1032 Unio crassus Navadni skrzek
  1060 Lycaena dispar Mocvirski cekincek
  1078 Callimorpha quadripunctaria Crtasti medvedek
  1083 Lucanus cervus Rogac
  1088 Cerambyx cerdo Hrastov kozlicek
  4046 Cordulegaster heros Veliki studencar
  1355 Lutra lutra Vidra
  SPA Kozjansko-Jovsi:
Ciconia ciconia Crna storklja
  A113 Coturnix coturnix Prepelica
  A122 Crex crex Kosec
  A233 Jynx torquilla Vijeglavka
  A234 Picus canus Pivka
  A238 Dendrocopus medius Srednji detel
  A246 Lullula arborea Hribski skrjanec
  A274 Phoenicurus phoenicurus pogorelcek
  A290 Locustella naevia kobilicar
  A295 Acrocephalus schoenobaenus Bicja trstnica
  A321 Ficedula albicollis Belovrati muhar
  A338 Lanius colurio Rjavi srakoper
  pSCI Orlica:
Vertigo angustior Ozki vretenec
  1083 Lucanus cervus Rogac
  1087 Rosalia alpina Alpski kozlicek
  1089 Morimus funereus Bukov kozlicek
  1303 Rhinolopus hipposideros Mali podkovnjak
  1355 Lutra lutra Vidra
All habitats (* indicates priority habitats)
  Habitat code Common / local name
  pSCI Bohor:
Fagus sylvatica (Aremonio-Fagion)
  9110 Luzulo-Fagetum
  6510 Alopecurus pratensis, sanguisorba officinalis
  6410 Molinia ssp., Molinion caeruleae
  6210 Festuco Brometalia*
  pSCI Dobrava-Jovsi:
  91KO Fagus sylvatica (Aremonio-Fagion)
  9110 Luzulo-Fagetum
  pSCI Orlica:
Fagus sylvatica (Aremonio-Fagion)
  9110 Luzulo-Fagetum
  8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophyts
  6210 Festuco Brometalia*
  pSCI Putisekova polsna:
Fagus sylvatica (Aremonio-Fagion)
  9110 Luzulo-Fagetum
  8310 Caves not open to public
Stakeholder profile        
  Stakeholder activity in the management planning process:
  Stakeholder group activity level
  hi ←       → nil
  Local Government        
  Central Government        
  Private landowners        
  Green NGOs        
  Private sector        
  Private individuals        
  Recreational groups        
Stakeholder success stories

Kozjanski Park Management Plan

Elaboration of the (general) Management Plan of Kozjanski Park that includes management on Natura 2000 sites. The Management Plan was presented to and evaluated together with many stakeholders.


Ongoing project of meadow orchards restoration

This habitat is a vital part of the Special Protected Areas (SPA) as a living place for many Natura 2000 birds. With many ongoing activities (part of them executed and financed within the Interreg IIIA Programme) the average awareness about the significance of this habitat increased.


Life project

Mountain dry meadows management and restoration is a good example of successful stakeholder (landowners/managers) involvement. For three years this communication was rather good, however it decreased after the project finished.

Photo credit: Kozjanski Park
Communication profile

Activities and products for the communication of Natura 2000


Guided visits
Other.: as part of some project activities, such as meadow orchards restoration, Apple Festival, Day of Parks etc.


  Event frequency
A few times a year


  Use of seasonal workers / volunteers


  Communication literature produced
Guides / maps


  Communication target groups
General public
Site visitors


  The organisation has a dedicated communication strategy for Natura 2000


  Description of communication strategy
The document is called: Action plan for Natura 2000 Communication. Largely it was implemented already within the Ministerial action of training - called 'Natura 2000 communicators' in each region. Local communities were acquainted with Natura 2000 already in the preparation phase by these communicators. This document is not available on the internet.


  The communication materials are produced
at the site itself and at a central office


  Site involved in joint working / networking


Site management profile
"The restoration of meadow orchards as a vital component of the long term sustainable management of a SPA"
  Key site management issues:


  • Preservation of existing biodiversity
  • Sustainable development
  • Prevention of habitat degradation
  • Executing projects


  Integration of Natura 2000 in overall site management:


Natura 2000 covers 67% of the total protected area; it is composed of 5 Natura 2000 sites: 4 pSCI and 1 SPA. Management with Natura 2000 forests is in the hands of the Public Institute of Forestry. The management with meadow orchards and meadows is also the responsibility of the Public Institute of Agriculture. The overall responsibility of Natura 2000 sites is also divided within the Public Institute of Nature Conservation, which supervises the overall compliance with Natura 2000 provisions of a particular Natura 2000 manager.

The Management Plan of Kozjanski Park (in particular where it defines the management of Natura 2000 sites) must be in accordance (synchronized) with all these authorities.


  Key site management objectives:


The main objective is to assure the long-term and regular maintenance of meadow orchards.

In the past these meadows were a common component of almost every farm. Beside nourishment they also provided a very important living place for many plant and animal species. At the same time they contributed to the typical regional rural landscape. Due to very convenient abiotic conditions (climate, relief …) these orchards were widely spread but later extensively demolished.


  Stakeholders targeted as part of management action:


  • Landowners
  • Agriculture Advisory Service
  • Local NGOs
  • Local government


  Description of work carried out / methods and methodology:


  • Rejuvenational cutting (over 6,000 trees were cut by Park’s workers free of charge for the landowners)
  • Brandy and juice production workshops
  • Demonstration of rejuvenational cutting of trees
  • Establishment of NGO(s)
  • Organizing lectures
  • Organizing and carrying out the regional Apple Fair
  • Completing a database (digital data collection)
  • Field inquiry
  • Common project (Interreg IIIA) with Advisory Service, which aimed to establish a nursing orchard, parent orchard etc. Advisory Service was the lead-partner of the project "Meadow orchards as the element of preservation of biodiversity and esthetic value of the countryside", which had as one of its aims to strengthen sustainable and nature friendly agriculture as a vital component of Natura 2000 site management.
  • A regional market label was designed and copyright protected. It's called "Sozitje" (Coexistence).


The methods carried out were:

  • Manual labor
  • Digital data collection
  • Discussions
  • Presentations
  • Workshops
  • Demonstrations


  Results of action and activities:


There are no formal agreements reached between the Park and the landowners – the landowners may sell their products freely at the annual Apple Fair. There is agreement between the Park and Advisory Service within the working frame of Interreg IIIA Meadow orchard restoration project: in this agreement each action and obligation is carefully defined (nursing and parent orchard, publications, presentation, promotion and public awareness campaign …).

  • Rejuvenational cutting is still ongoing, though on a smaller scale;
  • Apple Fair has a standard scheme and is a very successful event each year (depending on weather), there is still no entrepreneur who would organize landowners and start with the juice and/or dry fruit production, tree nursery is very successful – many young apple trees were sold;
  • Some old orchards were demolished and some new were established;
  • Overall there is a better image of the traditional fruit varieties.


  Indication of budget allocation for these tasks:


Within Interreg IIIA project about € 150.000. The Park also makes an investment in this project (by working hours, assistance, consulting, Public Relations…) in the range of € 10.000 annually and about € 15.000 in the annual Apple Fair.


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Kozjanski Park : SI